Finding out you have a cockroach infestation in your home can be frustrating and stressful. Contrary to popular belief, cockroaches can cause a problem in even the cleanest of homes. They are a very common pest problem in businesses, restaurants, apartments, condos and houses across Ontario. It is important to deal with a cockroach infestation sooner rather than later, and the pest control professionals at St. Catharines Pest Control and Wildlife Services can help. Our fully certified technicians will work with you to accurately identify the pest an important first step of the removal process and then plan out a treatment regimen to get rid of the nuisances for good.
Identification of cockroaches
Frequently Asked Questions
There are four common species of cockroaches that can be found in homes and businesses across Ontario, they are the German cockroach, the Brown-banded cockroach, the Oriental cockroach and the American cockroach. Each roach has its own defining characteristics including size, colour and behaviour that make it easy to identify. Once the type of cockroach is properly identified, effective treatment of the infestation becomes much easier.
How do you control a cockroach problem?
Treatment for all four species of cockroaches is the same. At St. Catharines Pest Control we use a combination of baiting and spraying for treatment and extermination of these pests. Using a combination of baiting and spraying is much more effective in controlling cockroach infestations because the roaches are lured to the bait traps, which contain a minimal amount of pesticides but enough to kill them. We make a point to use as little pesticides as possible while still efficiently eradicating your pest infestation and take pride in our environmental responsibility. A heavy infestation may require use of thermal fogging in addition to spraying; however, more often than not an infestation can be controlled through the use of baits and sprays alone.
German cockroach characteristics
The German cockroach is the most common species of cockroach that youll find in homes and business across Ontario. They can most often be found in apartment buildings because of their tendency to live in close proximity to humans. They are unable to survive without humans, as they feed off of our food. They enjoy humidity and will often be found lurking around kitchens and bathrooms. Much like most cockroach species, the German cockroach can multiply rapidly if given an unlimited supply to food. To put things in perspective, one female can birth tens of thousands of baby cockroaches in less than a year and their peak mating season is during the summer. Adult German roaches can range from ½ to 5/8 in. (13 16 mm) in length, are tan in colour and often have two darker brown parallel stripes behind their heads.
Brown-banded cockroach characteristics
The brown-banded cockroach, contrary to the German cockroach, does not need high humidity levels in order to survive. Whereas German cockroaches like to live close to kitchens and bathrooms, the brown-banded cockroach can be found further away from those spaces and often tucked behind paintings, picture frames, underneath tables or even on ceilings. The brown-banded roach does not breed as quickly as the German cockroach. It takes about 160 days for its eggs to develop (as opposed to only 30 for the German cockroach) and their eggs contain only 15 to 20 offspring. They lay their eggs in cracks, crevices and even in furniture. The brown-banded cockroach is similar in shape and size to the German cockroach; however, is darker in colour and often has a dark stripe running horizontally across its body.
Oriental cockroach characteristics
The Oriental cockroach is one of the largest species of cockroaches that is found in Ontario. They are bigger than both the German and brown-banded cockroach (1 in. or 25 mm in length) and tend to live in groups in basement areas and around drains. They take much longer to breed and develop (as opposed to the German and brown-banded cockroach species) and can live for more than two years. They are glossy and dark brown to black in colour.
American cockroach characteristics
You are less likely to find the American cockroach in your home or business in Ontario, as they prefer much warmer and humid climates. They tend to live in damp, basement or crawl spaces and often high up on walls; however, in warmer climates they can be found residing in moist areas such as decaying wood. They are the largest (1 ½ in. or 38 mm long) species of cockroach that can be found in Ontario and can live up to four years. They are typically reddish-brown in colour.
How can cockroaches enter my home?
Cockroaches can enter your home in many different ways. One of the most common ways in which a cockroach will enter your home is through moving infested furniture and appliances into a new space. Cockroaches like to live in furniture and appliances and can often go undetected and you might end up bringing in the infestation unknowingly. They can also be brought in through boxes or with groceries. In apartment buildings, town houses or condos, cockroaches can travel from unit to unit through plumbing and wiring, as it is all connected. In the summertime, cockroaches have also been known to move from house to house outdoors, but only if the distance between houses is marginal. If you notice even one cockroach in your home it is important to call in one of our professional pest control specialists, as the pests tend to multiply exponentially.
Are cockroaches harmful to my health?
Cockroaches are more than just pests; they can also cause acute health problems. Cockroaches can produce allergens that can lead to allergic reactions in people with sensitivities and can also intensify asthma. The key to fighting this is keeping your home clean particularly your kitchen or other damp places regularly washing linens in hot water and frequent vacuuming. While these precautions can help control the negative health affects that come with cockroach problems, the only way to get rid of a cockroach infestation for good is to contact a professional exterminator.
How do I prepare for a cockroach infestation treatment?
There are a few things you can do to prepare your home for a cockroach infestation treatment. Cleaning your countertops, kitchen, stove and fridge (as well as the walls and floors surrounding them) is highly recommended. Sealing your food in plastic containers or putting them inside your fridge/freezer can also help. A clean kitchen means less food sources for the cockroach, which in turn will lure them to eat the bait. The extermination process will take much less time (and be less stressful for you and your family or employees) if these protocols are followed. After the treatment is complete be sure to leave the bait traps undisturbed.
What do I do if I think I might have a cockroach infestation?
If you think you may have a cockroach infestation the most important thing you can do is accurately identify the type of cockroach in addition to thoroughly cleaning your kitchen, clearing countertops and sealing all open foods.
For more than 25 years St. Catharines Pest Control has been helping people like you get rid of their pest problems. Please do not hesitate to call one of our trained professionals at 1-888-390-PEST (7378). Our licensed and friendly exterminators will be happy to inspect your home and give you a free quote. Remember, minor infestations can grow very rapidly and turn a small problem into a big one, so its always better to be proactive and deal with the situation in its early stages before it gets out of control.